What is Travel Nurse? A Complete Guide
Travel nursing is an exciting and rewarding career path that allows nurses to travel and explore while still providing essential medical services to people in need. With its promise of exciting opportunities, personal growth, and the chance to make a meaningful impact in diverse healthcare environments, travel nursing has emerged as a dynamic and sought-after career choice. For those considering this profession, becoming a travel nurse can be a great way to gain experience, learn new skills, and make a difference in the lives of those they serve. This blog post covers everything one needs to know about being a travel nurse, including the qualifications, job responsibilities, salary and benefits, and the best ways to get started.
Table of contents
- What is a travel nurse?
- Benefits of being a travel nurse
- How to become a travel nurse?
- What skills does a travel nurse need?
- How much do travel nurses make?
- What does a travel nurse do? The job responsibilities
- Where do travel nurses work?
- Potential challenges of being a travel nurse
What is a travel nurse?
A travel nurse is a nurse working in a non-permanent or temporary nursing roles at various healthcare facilities in different locations away from their legal tax home. This innovative healthcare job concept was developed in response to the global nursing shortage, which arises when the nurse-to-patient ratio becomes unsafe due to an overwhelming number of patients assigned to each nurse. To address this pressing issue, the US Bureau of Labor Statistics estimates demand for over 275,000 additional nurses between 2020 and 2030.
Travel nurses have the flexibility to choose their assignments, which can range from a few weeks to several months. The tenure of a travel nurse typically spans from 4 to 26 weeks, or until the healthcare facility’s requirement for their services is fulfilled. They often work through staffing agencies that specialize in connecting healthcare professionals with facilities in need of temporary staff. It is a rewarding career path that combines a love for nursing with the thrill of exploration and new experiences.
Top 7 benefits of being a travel nurse
1. Flexibility and freedom at work
Travel nursing offers a high level of flexibility and freedom. They will have the ability to choose their assignments, deciding when and where they want to work. This flexibility allows nurses to maintain a work-life balance and tailor the best career to suit their personal needs and preferences.
2. Exploration of new places and environments
One of the most appealing aspects of being a travel nurse is the opportunity to explore new locations. They get the chance to work in different cities, states, or even countries, immersing themselves in diverse cultures and environments. From bustling city healthcare facilities to serene coastal towns and rural health centers each assignment presents a unique adventure waiting to be discovered.
3. Higher pay earning potential than average full-time RNs
Travel nurses often enjoy higher compensation rates compared to permanent staff as they will be placed in the most demanded vacancies or seasons. In addition to competitive pay, they may receive benefits such as housing allowances, travel reimbursement, health insurance, retirement plans, and bonuses. These financial incentives, coupled with the potential for overtime and shift differentials, can make travel nursing a financially rewarding choice.
4. Opportunities to learn new skills and to work in different facilities
Working as a travel nurse exposes nurse professionals to a wide range of healthcare settings, from hospitals and clinics to long-term care facilities and specialty units. This diversity provides an excellent opportunity for professional growth and skill development. They can enhance their clinical expertise, learn new techniques, and adapt to different healthcare systems, which can significantly enhance their resume and career prospects.
5. Personal and cultural enrichment
Travel nursing allows RNs to broaden their horizons and gain a deeper understanding of different cultures and communities. By working in diverse settings, they develop empathy, adaptability, and cross-cultural communication skills, which are invaluable in today’s globalized healthcare landscape.
6. Connecting with supportive communities
While being on the move can be exciting, it can also be challenging. However, the travel nursing community is known for its camaraderie and support. There are online forums, social media groups, and dedicated associations where travel nurses can connect, share experiences, and seek advice. This sense of community creates a support system that helps travel nurses navigate new environments and overcome any challenges they may encounter.
7. Broad professional networking
Professional networking opportunities during travel nursing offer numerous benefits for nurses. Firstly, it allows nurses to connect and collaborate with healthcare professionals from various backgrounds, fostering a rich exchange of knowledge and expertise. Networking opens doors to new career opportunities, as nurses can gain valuable insights about potential job openings and advancements in different healthcare settings.
How to become a travel nurse?
1. Obtain a nursing degree
The first step to becoming a travel nurse is to pursue a nursing degree. You can choose between a diploma, an associate degree, or a bachelor’s degree in nursing (BSN). Many healthcare organizations and nursing employers now prioritize hiring nurses who have obtained a bachelor’s degree, although it is possible to begin your nursing career with an associate degree. To expand your opportunities for various contracts and positions, it is advisable to pursue a Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSN) degree. Typically, BSN programs take around four years to complete, although accelerated programs may be available. During your BSN program, you will delve into nursing theory and gain valuable clinical experience which can further enhance your nursing education and career prospects.
2. Acquire nursing licensure
To practice as a nurse, you must obtain a nursing license. Each state or country has its own licensing board, and the requirements may vary. Typically, you need to pass the National Council Licensure Examination for Registered Nurses (NCLEX-RN) or a similar licensing exam.
The NCLEX exam consists of a variable number of questions, ranging from a minimum of 75 to a maximum of 265. The NCLEX covers four main categories of questions:
- Safe and effective care environment: These questions assess your ability to provide high-quality medical care while ensuring the safety of patients.
- Health promotion and management: This category tests your capability to create and maintain a safe environment for both patients and medical staff.
- Psychosocial integrity: This section focuses on your knowledge of preventing and identifying medical conditions and promoting healthy lifestyles.
- Physiological integrity: In this category, nurses play a crucial role in patient’s well-being, assisting them in coping with their conditions, including mental illnesses, and providing appropriate treatment.
3. Gain clinical experience and develop specialized skills
Building clinical experience is crucial for becoming a travel nurse. Work in a healthcare setting, such as hospitals, clinics, or nursing homes, to develop your skills and knowledge. Aim to gain experience in various specialties to enhance your versatility as a travel nurse. Consider acquiring specialized skills including critical care, emergency room, pediatrics, or labor and delivery. These skills can make you more marketable and increase your chances of landing desirable assignments.
4. Work with travel nursing agencies
- Research top traveling nurse agencies
Start researching reputable travel nursing agencies that connect healthcare professionals with assignments. Look for agencies with a strong track record, positive reviews, and a wide range of assignment options. Compare their benefits, pay rates, and support services to find the right fit for you.
- Complete application process
Submit your application to the travel nursing agency of your choice. This typically includes providing your resume, licenses, certifications, and references. Be thorough and accurate in your application to increase your chances of being accepted.
- Interview with agencies
Once your application is reviewed, you may be invited for an interview with the travel nursing agency. This interview allows them to assess your qualifications, preferences, and goals. Be prepared to discuss your nursing experience, flexibility, and willingness to relocate.
- Select assignments
After being accepted by an agency, you can start selecting travel assignments that align with your preferences. Consider factors such as location, duration, specialty, and compensation. Discuss assignment details with your agency to ensure a good fit.
5. Work as a travel nurse and embrace your profession
Before each assignment, familiarize yourself with the healthcare facility’s policies, procedures, and any specific requirements. Coordinate travel arrangements, housing, and any necessary licenses or certifications for the specific state or country. As a travel nurse, embrace the adventure and the opportunity to work in different environments. Be open to new experiences, cultures, and challenges. Build relationships with colleagues, be adaptable, and make the most of each assignment.
What personal skills does a travel nurse need?
Being a travel nurse requires a unique set of personal skills to thrive in different healthcare settings and adapt to new environments. Here are some essential personal skills that a travel nurse should possess.
- Emotional intelligence: Travel nurses must possess strong emotional intelligence to deliver difficult news to patients and provide support during challenging times.
- Critical and analytical thinking: Given the complexity of healthcare, they need excellent critical thinking skills to assess situations, identify problems, and devise effective solutions.
- Flexibility: Travel nurses encounter diverse work environments, varying schedules, and frequent location changes. They must be adaptable and flexible to handle these dynamic demands and frequent relocations.
- Adaptability: Being constantly immersed in new hospitals and clinics, they must quickly adapt to unfamiliar settings, procedures, and teams while maintaining high-quality care.
- Love of travel: Travel nursing inherently involves extensive travel. A genuine love for exploring new places and a sense of adventure are essential for embracing the unique lifestyle of a travel nurse.
- Strong communication skills: Effective communication is crucial for travel nurses to establish rapport with patients, collaborate with colleagues, and seek clarification when needed.
- Cultural competence: As travel nurses work in diverse locations, they must demonstrate cultural competence and respect for different backgrounds, beliefs, and customs. This skill helps foster positive relationships with patients, colleagues, and the local communities they serve.
- Resilience: The nature of travel nursing can be challenging, with frequent transitions, unfamiliar environments, and time away from home. Resilience helps travel nurses cope with stress, adapt to change, and maintain a positive attitude during difficult times.
How much do travel nurses make?
When contemplating a career as a travel nurse, it’s natural to wonder about earning potential. The question that often arises is, “How much do travel nurses make in a year?” The answer to this question can depend on various factors, including experience, specialty, location, and the staffing agency they choose to work with. Based on data from Indeed.com, travel nurses in the United States earn an average annual salary of $121,998, equivalent to $52.28 per hour. In comparison, registered nurses earn an average of $93,199 per year, which translates to approximately $43.67 per hour. These figures highlight the potential financial rewards that come with pursuing a career as a travel nurse.
What does a travel nurse do? The job responsibilities
Travel nurses encompass a wide array of responsibilities and duties, which may vary depending on their specialized area of expertise. However, some general nursing responsibilities and duties include:
- Providing direct patient care and administering medications.
- Assessing and monitoring patient conditions, including vital signs and symptoms.
- Collaborating with healthcare professionals to develop and implement patient care plans.
- Documenting patient medical history, progress, and treatment outcomes.
- Educating patients and their families about their medical conditions and treatment options.
- Operating and monitoring medical equipment.
- Assisting in diagnostic tests and procedures.
- Adhering to infection control and safety protocols.
- Responding to emergencies and providing immediate medical interventions.
- Maintaining accurate and up-to-date medical records.
- Collaborating with interdisciplinary teams to ensure comprehensive patient care.
- Adapting to different healthcare settings and effectively managing workload.
- Providing emotional support and counseling to patients and their families.
- Advocating for patient rights and ensuring ethical standards of care.
- Continuously updating knowledge and skills through professional development.
- Traveling to various locations as per assignments and contract terms.
Where do travel nurses work?
Travel nurses work in a variety of healthcare settings, including hospitals, clinics, rehabilitation centers, long-term care facilities, home healthcare, specialty facilities, military healthcare facilities, etc on a temporary basis.
- Hospitals: Various departments within hospitals, such as emergency rooms, intensive care units, operating rooms, and general medical-surgical units.
- Clinics: Outpatient clinics, providing care to patients with specific medical conditions or offering specialized services.
- Rehabilitation centers: Assigned to rehabilitation centers, where they assist patients in recovering from surgeries, injuries, or chronic illnesses.
- Long-term care facilities: These include nursing homes, assisted living facilities, and skilled nursing facilities, where travel nurses provide care to elderly or chronically ill patients.
- Home healthcare: Provide healthcare services directly to patients in their homes, assisting with medication management, wound care, and other nursing needs.
- Specialty facilities: Work in specialty facilities such as psychiatric hospitals, pediatric centers, or oncology clinics, where they provide specialized care to patients with specific conditions.
- Military healthcare facilities: Opportunities to work in military hospitals or clinics, providing care to service members, veterans, and their families.
It’s important to note that travel nurses have the flexibility to choose their assignments, allowing them to work in diverse healthcare settings based on their preferences and skills.
7 Potential challenges of being a travel nurse
While being a travel nurse offers many benefits and opportunities, there are also certain drawbacks and challenges that should be considered. Here are some of the cons of being a travel nurse:
1. Instability and uncertainty
Travel nursing by nature involves moving from one assignment to another, often in different cities or states. This constant change can lead to a sense of instability and uncertainty. They may have to leave behind family, friends, and familiar surroundings, which can be emotionally challenging. Additionally, the availability of assignments in desired locations and specialties may vary, leading to periods of unemployment or the need to accept assignments that may not be ideal.
2. Lack of job security
Unlike permanent nursing positions, travel nursing jobs are typically contracted for a specific duration. Once an assignment ends, there is no guarantee of immediate employment. They must constantly search for new assignments and compete with other nurses for available positions. This lack of job security can be stressful, especially for those who prefer the stability of a permanent job.
3. Limited benefits
Travel nurses often receive a higher hourly wage compared to their permanent counterparts, but they may have limited access to benefits such as health insurance, retirement plans, and paid time off. Benefits can vary depending on the agency or facility, and they may need to arrange their own healthcare coverage or retirement savings. This lack of comprehensive benefits can impact financial planning and long-term security.
4. Adapting to new environments
While adapting to new environments can be exciting, it can also be challenging. Travel nurses must quickly adjust to different hospital policies, procedures, and electronic health record systems. Each facility may have its own unique culture and expectations, requiring travel nurses to constantly adapt to new workflows and communication styles. This can be mentally and emotionally draining, especially during the initial phase of each assignment.
5. Limited support systems
Travel nurses often have limited access to support systems compared to permanent staff. They may not have established relationships with colleagues or supervisors, making it more challenging to seek guidance or assistance when needed. Travel nurses may have to rely on themselves to navigate challenging situations, which can be isolating and stressful. Building a strong support network within each new assignment becomes crucial for maintaining well-being.
6. Disruption to personal life
The nature of travel nursing can disrupt personal life and relationships. Constantly moving to new locations and working irregular hours can make it difficult to maintain stable personal relationships, establish roots in a community, or pursue personal interests and hobbies. This lifestyle can be particularly challenging for individuals with family commitments or those who desire a settled, routine-based life.
7. Limited professional growth
While travel nursing allows exposure to different healthcare settings and patient populations, it may not provide the same level of professional growth and advancement opportunities as a permanent position within a specific specialty. Being transient workers, they may have limited access to specialized training, mentorship programs, or career development opportunities that are typically offered to permanent staff.
Finding your next travel nurse job
If you’re eager to embrace the life of a travel nurse and embark on an adventure that goes beyond traditional nursing roles, we invite you to explore the exciting opportunities available with us. As a leading travel nursing agency, we pride ourselves on offering excellent placements, competitive compensation packages, and comprehensive support to our travel nurses.
Apply now and take the first step towards an enriching and fulfilling career as a travel nurse. Your journey awaits!
Addressing travel nurse vacancies in your facilities
If you are a healthcare facility that is in need of a qualified travel nurse for your urgent assignment, look no further. Partner with us, the trusted travel nurse staffing agency that specializes in seamlessly connecting healthcare facilities with top-notch providers. With our expertise and extensive network, we can help you fill that crucial position quickly and efficiently.